Indenture, Bastardy, and Poorhouse Bibliography prepared by Carolee Dunivan, 21 September 2017
 
 
Illegitimacy
A midwife's tale: the life of Martha Ballard, based on her diary 1785-1812Ulrich, Laurel Thatcher,   (1990)
 
Anne Orthwood’s Bastard Sex and Law in Early Virginia, Fagan, John Ruston, Oxford University Press 2003
 
Appalachia in the Making: The Mountain South in the Nineteenth Century (Children of Poverty) Pudup, Mary Beth; Billings, Dwight B.; and Waller, Altina L., The University of North Carolina Press 1995
 
 
Bastardy Cases in Harford County, Maryland, 1744-1844, Peden Jr., Henry C   Heritage Books 2009
 
“Child of No One: Researching Illegitimate Ancestors” Moody, Sharon Tate NGS Magazine 35:3 (July-Sept 2009), 42-47.
 
“DNA and Bastardy Bonds: The Search Ends”  Turecky, Jerry in DGS Newsletter (Dallas Genealogical Society) Vol 29, Number 10, Issue 261; November/December 2005.
 
“Orphans and Scholars: Genealogical Records Concerning Children” – Victor T. Jones, Jr., https://www.ncgenealogy.org/webinar-handouts/ WEBINAR, North Carolina Genealogical Society, October 2017
 
North Carolina Bastardy Bonds Betty Camin and Edwin A. Camin, Mt. Airy, N.C
 
Sex Among the Rabble: An Intimate History of Gender & Power in the Age of Revolution, Lyons, Clare A. (2006). Philadelphia, 1730–1830. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.
 
Suspect relations:  sex, race, and resistance in colonial North Carolina, Fischer, Kirsten Cornell University Press 1992
“The World Fill’d with a Generation of Bastards’: Pregnant Brides and Unwed Mothers in Seventeenth-Century
 
Massachusetts”, Hambleton Else K., (Ph. D. diss., University of Massachusetts Amherst, 2001), 118-20.
 
“The Women of Accomack Versus Henry Smith: Gender, Legal Recourse, and the Social Order in Seventeenth-Century Virginia,” Wawrzyczek, Irmina, in Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 105:1 (1997) 10, 13-14, Boyle, Joseph Lee   1720-1783, Genealogical.com, 2014.
 
Wanton Wenches and Wayward Wives: Peasants and Illicit Sex in Early Seventeenth-Century England, G. R. Quaife   (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1979), 245
 
 
Indenture
Apprentices of Connecticut, 1637-1900, Rittner, Kathy   Salt Lake City:  Ancestry 1986
 
Apprenticeships of Virginia, Gill Harold B.  1623-1800, Ancestry Publishing, 1989, http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3111
 
Children Bound to Labor: The Pauper Apprentice System in Early America, Herndon, Ruth Wallis and Murray, John E Murray 2009
 
Children of Youth in Adoption, Orphanage and Foster Care, Ed by Lori Askeland 2006
 
Christian County, Kentucky miscellaneous records, Killebrew, James Taylor.  Hopkinsville, Ky. (1101 Bethel St., Hopkinsville, 42240): Christian County Genealogical Society, 1998
 
Immigrant Servants Database, For Those Who Settled South of New England; www.pricegen.com/immigrantservants/search/simplephp
 
If Jane should want to be sold: stories of enslavement, indenture and freedom in Little Compton, Rhode Island, Gomez O'Toole, Marjory, Little Compton, Rhode Island: Little Compton, Historical Society, 2016
 
Gunning, Sally, Bound, Morrow, William, An Imprint of Harper Collins Publishers, 2008.
 
Labor of Innocents: Forced Apprenticeship in North Carolina, Karin L. Zipf, 1715-1919 (Baton Rouge, La: LSU Press, 2005).
 
Placing Out in America, University of Nebraska Press   1992
 
Record of Indentures of Individuals Bound Out as Apprentices, etc., Pennsylvania German Society  [in Philadelphia, 1771 to 1773. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1973.
 
 
Poor House
Appalachia in the Making: The Mountain South in the Nineteenth Century (Children of Poverty)
 
"Asylums, Sanitariums, Pest Houses and Poor Farms", Jones, Bill   www.robertsoncountyconnection.com/asylums-sanitariums-pest-houses-and-poor-farms-cms-7491 2017
 
Public Poor Relief in North Carolina, Brown, Roy M.   (Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1928).
 
“Rogues, Vagabonds, and Fit Objects: The Treatment of the Poor in Antebellum Virginia” ,Watkinson, James D.
Virginia Cavalcade, Winter 2000
 
The Poorhouse Story,  www.poorhousestory.com (a compendium of Poorhouse history by states, record examples, articles and photos)
 
The Workhouse:  The Story of an institution   Higginbotham, Peter    www.workhouses.org.uk/
 
Orphan Train
The orphan trains, Bracken, Jeanne Munn.; Deitch, JoAnne; Weisman Publication:  Carlisle, Mass. : Discovery Enterprises, 2002
 
Those called paupers, Bates, Loretta J.   Queensbury,    N.Y: Loretta J. Bates, 2013
 
The orphan trains:  placing out in America, Holt, Marilyn Irvin   1992