Occupations

Did an ancestor have one of these occupations?  To download a copy of this list, click here.
   
Abecedarian A teacher of the alphabet
Able Seaman An unlicensed member of the deck department of a merchant ship.
Acater A person who supplied food provisions to various outlets.
Accomptant  Accountant
Accoucheur A professional obstetrician. Assisted women in childbirth. A male physician skilled in the art and science of managing obstetrics. pregnancy, labour and the time after delivery.
Accoucheus A midwife.
Almoner  Giver of charity to the needy
Amanuensis  Secretary or stenographer
Artificer   A soldier mechanic who does repairs
Bailie  Bailiff
Baxter Baker
Bee-Master Beekeeper
Bluestocking  Female writer
Bolter Sifted meal
Boniface  Keeper of an inn
Brazier  One who works with brass
Brewster  Beer manufacturer
Brightsmith  Metal Worker
Burgonmaster Mayor
Caulker 
One who filled up cracks (in ships or windows) or seems to make them watertight by using tar or oakum-hemp fiber produced by taking old ropes apart.
Chaisemaker  Carriage maker
Chandler  Dealer or trader; one who makes or sells candles; retailer of groceries.
Chanter Horse dealer
Chiffonnier  Wig maker
Clark Clerk
Clerk
Priest
Clicke
The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite customers; one who received the matter in the galley from the compositors and arranged it in due form ready for printing; one who makes eyelet holes in boots using a machine, which clicked.      
Cohen Priest
Collier  Coal miner
Colporteur  Peddler of books
Cooper
One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves & hoops, such as casks, barrels, tubs, etc.
Cordwainer      Shoemaker, originally any leather worker using leather from Cordova/Cordoba in Spain.
Costermonger  Peddler of fruits and vegetables
Crocker      Potter
Crowner  Coroner
Cuper One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves & hoops, such as casks, barrels, tubs, etc.
Currier 
One who dresses the coat of a horse with a currycomb; one who tanned leather by incorporating oil or grease.
Docker Stevedore, dockworker who loads and unloads cargo
Dowser One who finds water using a rod or witching stick
Draper  A dealer in dry goods.
Drayman  One who drives a long strong cart without fixed sides for carrying heavy loads.
Dresser A surgeon's assistant in a hospital.
Drover  One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market; a dealer in cattle.
Duffer  Peddler
Factor 
Agent, commission merchant; one who acts or transacts business for another; Scottish steward or bailiff of an estate.
Farrier  A blacksmith, one who shoes horses.
Faulkner Falconer
Fell monger     One who removes hair or wool from hides in preparation for leather making.
Fletcher One who made bows and arrows.
Flunkey An 18th century term for a footman or servant in livery.
Fuller 
One who fulls cloth; one, who shrinks and thickens woolen cloth by moistening, heating, and pressing; one who cleans and finishes cloth.
Gaoler  A keeper of the goal, a jailer.
Glazier Window glassman.
Hacker Maker of hoes.
Hatcheler  One who combed out or carded flax.
Haymonger Dealer in hay.
Hayward Keeper of fences.
Higgler Itinerant peddler
Hillier Roof tiler
Hind  A farm laborer
Holster  A groom who took care of horses, often at an inn.
Hooker  Reaper
Hooper One who made hoops for casks and barrels.
Huckster  Sells small wares.
Husbandman A farmer who cultivated the land.
Jagger  Fish peddler
Journeyman
One who had served his apprenticeship and mastered his craft, not bound to serve a master, but hired by the day.
Joyner/Joiner  A skilled carpenter.
Keeler   Bargeman
Kempster  Wool comber
Kitchen madid A girl or woman employed to assist a cook in the preparation and cooking of food.
Lardner  Keeper of the cupboard.
Lavender Washer woman
Lederer  Leather maker
Leech Physician
Longshoreman Stevedore
Lormer Maker of horse gear.
Malender Farmer
Maltster  Brewer
Manciple A sreward
Mason  Bricklayer
Milliner A person who designed and sold hats, bonnets, caps and cloaks.
Mintmaster 
One who issued local currency.
Monger Seller of goods (ale, fish).
Muleskinner  Teamster
Neatherder Herds cows
Nimgimmer 17th century term for surgeon, or one that cures the clap or pox.
Ordinary Keeper  Innkeeper with fixed prices,
Pattern Maker  
A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end.
Peregrinator  Itinerant wanderer
Peruker  A wig maker.
Pettifogger A shyster lawyer.
Pigman  Crockery dealer
Plumber 
One who applied sheet lead for roofing and set lead frames for plain or stained glass windows.
Porter  Door keeper
Puddler  Wrought iron worker
Purl-men A class of itinerant 18th and 19th century beer-sellers who plied their trade on the Thames River and other navigable waterways of southern England.
Quarrier  Quarry worker
Rat-catcher
Rat-charmer
Rattoner
Exterminator
Rigger  Hoist tackle worker
Ripper Seller of fish
Roper  Maker of rope or nets.
Saddler One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other furnishings for horses.
Sawbones  Physician
Sawyer  One who saws; carpenter.
Schumacker  Shoemaker
Scribler  A minor or worthless author.
Scrivener  Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public.
Scrutiner Election judge
Shrieve  Sheriff
Slater  Roofer
Slopseller  Seller of ready-made clothes in a slop shop.
Snobscat/Snob   One who repaired shoes
Sorter  Tailor
Spinster A woman who spins or an unmarried woman.
Spurrer  Maker of spurs
Squire Country gentleman; farm owner; justice of peace.
Streaker Prepared bodies for burial.
Stuff gown Junior barrister
Stuff gownsman  Junior barrister
Supercargo
Officer on merchant ship who is in charge of cargo and the commercial concerns of the ship.
Tanner  One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather.
Tapley  One who puts the tap in an ale cask.
Tasker  Reaper
Teamster One who drives a team for hauling.
Thatcher  Roofer
Tide waiter Customs inspector.
Tinker An itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman.
Tipstaff  Policeman
Tooth-carpenters Medieval dentists
Travers Toll bridge collection.
Tucker Cleaner of cloth goods.
Turner  A person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles.
Victualer  A tavern keeper, or one who provides an army, navy, or ship with food supplies.
Vintner A person who sells or deals in wine.
Vulcan  Blacksmith
Wagoner  Teamster not for hire.
Wainwright Wagon maker.
Waiter 
Customs officer or tide waiter; one who waited on the tide to collect duty on goods brought in.
Waterman  Boatman who plies for hire.
Webster  Operator of looms.
Wharfinger  Owner of a wharf.
Wheelwright One who made or repaired wheels; wheeled carriages, etc.
Whitesmith Tinsmith; worker of iron who finishes or polishes the work.
Whitewing  Street sweeper.
Whitster  Bleach of cloth.
Wright  Workman, especially a construction worker.
Xylographer Someone working in the process of printing from wooden blocks or wood engraving.
Yeoman  Farmer who owns his own land.
 
 
Updated: 31 August 2015
 
Have some other occupations to add? Please send them to genhelp@lcgsfl.org.